When it comes to writing, we all have our routines and special ways of doing things. Writing short stories is no different. I go about writing a novel a certain way and when it comes to writing short stories, I have a slightly different approach.
Ideas are all around us, but when it comes to writing short stories I tend to go along with certain writing prompts – some I get from the Internet and others I come up with on my own. When I write a novel, I typically outline it before I begin writing the first draft. When I write short stories, I just come up with the idea and roll with it. I like to see where the words and characters take me.
The First Draft
When it comes to writing a novel, I can’t write the first draft or any draft in one sitting. With short stories, I write the first draft in one sitting. There are times when I need to stop in the middle of the draft, but I prefer to sit down and bang out all the words at once. My short stories are typically under 10,000 words and I can usually write about 2,000 words in one hour. If I can get all my ideas out at once, that’s what I aim for.
Once I finish the first draft, I let it rest for a day or two. Then I jump into the editing. Depending on the length of the short story, the editing doesn’t typically take me too long. I usually edit a draft or two before I decide it’s ready to either go on the blog, send to me Patrons on Patreon, or possibly submit someplace.
That’s pretty much to it. It’s more or less the same as when I write a novel or novella, but the process is shorter. I find it easier to work with short stories because I’m able to write them in one sitting and I can let my mind focus on it for a while.
What’s your short story writing process look like? Let me know your thoughts in the comments below. If you liked this post, please share it around.
Today’s blog post is brought to you by TC Michael. Thank you for being part of my blog!
So, you’re a freelance writer with some niche articles in mind? You write short stories, but aren’t brave enough to submit them? Haven’t had any luck with being accepted? Here’s 15 great tips to get your short literature published.
You are a business
Shift the way you think about your writing. You create a product, produce the product, pitch the product, sale the product, and gain from the product. You are the business and your writing is your product – fiction or nonfiction.
Writing something that is important or fun to you is great, but it also has to be wanted, requested or needed. You can’t always write 100% of what you want and be successful. Allow yourself to write slightly more for things that publishers, the media, or the masses want. Think more 50/50 or even 70/30.
Build relationships online
Use all of your social media platforms to build healthy online relationships. Learn which publishers you are most interested in, what they have previously published, what they currently want and who their current editors are. Read some of their published work and search for the writers of the pieces you most enjoy. Follow them and through interaction, maybe you can learn tips and tricks on how their piece got published. (Use LinkedIn and blogs too.)
Build relationships offline
This includes those involved directly in the industry and your ideal publishers, but also those who are contributors or people, places and things that provide information for writing. Example: You want to write for an outdoor magazine, but specifically in the hiking segment inside the magazine. Try out some equipment, gear or apparel from a company you like or admire – get the first-hand user experience. If you can interview the product designer and build that relationship, then you can translate it into your work. Tip: small companies are a great opportunity for this.
A literary agent for a short story is a waste of your time and theirs. If you already have one, you will only need them for their industry connections. They will make a miniscule amount of money off the sale of your short stories and they’re a middle man for you to deal with in submitting a short piece of work.
Two musts to watch for
Simultaneous submissions and multiple submissions. Nearly every publisher in the industry will list whether they accept either of these. To break in quicker, these can be your friends. You can submit more stories to one publisher at a time and you can submit the same story to more than one publisher at the same time. Saves you time and energy, so submit to publisher accepting these first.
Create a cycle
Don’t stop writing after one article or story. Write another one while you shop your first, and while you’re writing that one, plan another. Build a good submission foundation and practice your writing. You want a “cycle” of stories in different stages.
Be a good writer
Obvious? Yes, but it begs repeating. Edit 3 – 5 times before asking anyone to proof your work. Then, edit once more before submitting.
Submitting: Top Down or Stagger
Two beneficial submission strategies:
Top Down: Submit to top-tier publishers first. Start with pro-paying, then semi-pro, then token. Pro is usually 6¢ a word and up, semi-pro can range from 3¢ to 5¢ and token is usually under 3¢. Don’t publish for free unless the publisher has a history of providing help to a writer’s career and don’t pay someone to publish your story.
Stagger: You have a few stories or articles ready to submit. Send one to a pro-paying publisher, one to semi-pro, one to token, etc. Always have at least one in the pro market with another elsewhere.
Don’t avoid writing contests and competitions, even if there is a small fee. Most of those with a cash prize have built in publicity and an opportunity to get your name out there. Many publishers host writing contests on top of their publications.
Knowing the audience
Figure out how niche or broad the publishers audience is, then dial in your topic accordingly (Ex: specific type of gardening, safest dog grooming methods, etc.).
Cover letter and queries
Don’t ever leave out a cover letter and only query the publisher if they request it first. Seems obvious. Also, if you pitch your article, keep it short and to the point. For good cover letter formatting, check out shun.net. William Shunn also provides short story format recommendations.
Pitch and query the correct editor. Some publishers have multiple editors based on the topic, genre or subject. The publishers website should list them in the masthead or about section.
This slightly contradicts #7, but stop being a perfectionist. It takes too much time away from your life and other writing. Also, most articles and stories you read are not perfect. No need to edit 25 times (but still 3-5 times!)
Become a regular or semi-regular reader of two or three of the publication you most respect. This teaches you the publishers style and what they want, as well as their preferred format. And, you can follow some new writers you enjoy (connections!).
If your article or story is accepted for publication, do the following:
Thank the editor and/or publication on social media.
Update your bio with the credential
Keep an eye on feedback that comes from your piece (comments section, direct messages about the publication, hashtags, etc.
Share the heck out of your published piece.
Remember, build connections. That means free promotion to the publication for paying you for your work.
About TC Michael
TC Michael was born and raised in small town USA where he grew up with a large family. He’s always been an epic daydreamer with a wild imagination. He currently lives in northern Utah where he’s working on his next great novel and enjoying life. When he’s not writing, he’s in the gym, reading, or enjoying the outdoors. TC has wanted to be an author his whole life, but never thought it would happen. Now, he is working hard on making his dream come true.
*The true no-bull guide to selling and publishing short stories and freelance articles.*
Skip the online researching, confusing lists and piles of books. This guide increases your chances of being accepted and gaining a contract instead of the dreaded rejection.
Short Literature Pro Market 2019 is the best resource you’ll find to get your short stories, articles and freelance literature published. This completely new guide offers over 170 listings of professional paying publishers. Each listing includes the type of publisher, contact information, submission guidelines, pay rate, and other essential information and tips. The information inside contains EVERYTHING needed to submit your work properly and accurately.
Short Literature Pro Market leaves out all of the unnecessary filler material. This allows for a clean, organized search without extra confusion and clutter. It simplifies your submission process so you can get directly to the point.
Short Literature Pro Market also includes:
•Genre categories such as science fiction, fantasy, horror, romance, crime, thriller, children’s, historic, nonfiction, literary fiction, travel, outdoors, and more.
•U.S. publishers as well as English-speaking publishers outside the U.S.
•Which rights the publisher requests.
•A brief history of the short story.
•Which publishers require a proposal letter, query letter, cover letter or none.
•Which publishers also accept flash fiction, articles, poetry, pictures, reviews or long form literature.
•Only publishers who offer the best pay rate in the industry.
Get your foot in the publishing industry much quicker or jump start your freelance career by using Short Literature Pro Market.
No matter what we do in life, it’s always a learning experience. Writing is one of those experiences. Short stories specifically helps with that experience as well as learning about writing as a whole.
I Ramble A Lot
I mean, I guess I kind of already knew this one. I ramble in my novels, I ramble in my blog posts, I ramble when I talk. That’s just how I roll. Writing short stories had made me realize that I really do ramble a lot but also that I can control my rambling. I get surprised when I read through old short stories and then read through more recent ones. I’ve definitely improved on my rambling and have learned to cut back – and not just through editing but by through the first draft as well.
I Have A Lot Of Ideas
There are days when I feel like I’ve run out of ideas, but if I look back at all the short stories I’ve written, I realize that there’s a lot of novel potential out of them all. Some are perfect as short stories but some would be cool to expand on. I have expanded upon most of them too. If my Short Story Sundays are any indication. Not to mention that one of my Wattpad novellas was based off a short story.
I’m Not Too Bad Of A Writer
We all have that self-doubt that plagues our minds as we write. During the first draft of any story, I always feel like it’s not good. I know I’m not the only one who thinks that but I have to admit that writing short stories has made me feel like I’m less inadequate if that makes sense. Writing short stories has allowed me to hone my writing skills and tighten up my words which means I write better dialogue and description.
Overall, writing short stories has been one of the better writing decisions I’ve ever made.
What have you learned while writing short stories? Let me know your thoughts in the comments below. If you liked this post, please share it around.
I didn’t start to appreciate writing short stories until fairly recently. I always viewed short stories as something “quick and easy” to write. Of course, they’re not easy to write at all. Just because they can be 5,000 words as opposed to 50,000 words doesn’t mean it’s faster or easier. Another thing I thought was that writing novels was “better” for your writing. I figured the more I write, the more I would improve. Writing one long story isn’t the only way to “write more” though.
Short Stories Help You Tighten Your Words
One great thing about short stories is that it helps you learn how to tighten your words. It’s easy to ramble and to describe something that doesn’t matter. Especially if you’re just trying to get the words down, it’s super easy to get excited about quantity over quality. Writing short stories allows you to recognize what isn’t necessarily needed in your story. Instead of writing paragraph upon paragraph about once certain thing, you’ll soon learn how to cut that down to the bare minimum needed so that you can stay in that short story word count range.
Short Stories Help You With Self-Editing
Similar to tightening your words, short stories help with self-editing in the way that you learn what to edit out when it comes to trying to shorten that length. Personally, when I self-edit my novels I sometimes tend to think everything has to be there. I either think it’s too funny, clever, important, whatever. The truth is, it’s usually not and can be cut out completely. Or it can stay but I can write it in a way that cuts out a good chunk of words.
Short Stories Help You With Plotting
When it comes to writing a novel it’s easy to get carried away with the plot. I know it can be for me. I tend to come up with more and more ideas as I write and eventually decide to have a hundred sequels to whatever I’m writing. Short stories allow me to say what needs to be said and no more. There are no sequels, there are no second parts (well, sometimes there are if we’re talking about my Short Story Sundays), it’s just one full circle with my characters with a beginning, middle, and end squished together.
Overall, I’ve definitely found a new appreciation for writing short stories. I’ve been enjoying them a lot more than I thought I would and I’ve been learning a lot and improving on my writing in the meantime.
Do you write short stories? What does that type of writing help you with? Let me know your thoughts in the comments below. If you liked this post, please share it around.
For a long time, I had always used the terms short story and flash fiction as though they were one in the same. All I knew was that they were stories that were not long… simple as that. Right?
Of course, this was when I was younger. As I got older and dabbled more in the writing world, I realized how wrong I was. Then again, I wrote a lot on the Fan Fiction website and 100-word stories were called “drabbles.” I thought that was the only difference between flash fiction and short stories. 100 words were drabbles and anything higher was a short story and/or flash fiction because they totally meant the same thing.
What is a short story?
A short story is exactly as it sounds – it’s a story that’s significantly shorter than a novel or novella. Aside from length, a short story has pretty much everything in common with a novel. It has a fleshed-out plot, well-rounded characters, and a developed setting and theme.
What is a flash fiction?
A flash fiction is essentially the same thing, only the story is told in a couple hundred words or so. It has a well thought out plot and great characters, but they don’t necessarily need to be fully developed. It helps, yes, but I’ve read my fair share of flash fiction where some things were left up to my own imagination and I personally like it that way.
How many words is a short story?
According to Writer’s Digest, a short story is typically 1,500 words to about 30,000 words which is when it crosses over to novella territory. However, I personally have seen some short stories go up to 10- or 15,000 words. If you know of one that’s actually near 30,000 words, let me know. I’m curious. Whenever I write short stories, they typically don’t get longer than 5,000 words or so… unless I’m writing a short story about George and Lilah. Then I can get up to 10,000 or even 15,000 words. Maybe even 20,000 words. I have a lot of fun with those characters.
How many words is a flash fiction?
Since flash fiction is shorter than short stories, flash fiction is considered to be anywhere under 1,500 words. Flash fiction can vary from being 500 words or as low as 100 words. I’m sure you’ve all heard of 6-word stories before. There are a few fairly famous ones. Then again, 6-word stories may be considered micro fiction… if that’s even a real term. I may be making that one up.
Which one should you write?
Both. Flash fiction and short stories are great practice for writing in general – characters, pacing, plot, everything. It helps to challenge yourself into writing a complete story within a certain amount of words. I’ll admit, I sometimes decide to write flash fiction and then it turns into a short story because I get carried away with the current plot I’m building.
If I think about it, my Short Story Sundays should be Flash Fiction Fridays.
Which do you prefer? Do you read and write shorts, flashes, or both? Let me know your thoughts in the comments below. If you liked this post, please share it around.
Writing a mystery is hard, but writing a mystery short story is even harder. Mysteries can take a lot out of you – between the crime taking place, the long investigation process, and so on. It easier to pack that into a longer novel than it is to jam into a short story.
Still, it’s a pretty good feat if you’re able to jam all that information into a short story.
But how do you make sure you don’t leave out any important information? How do you make sure you don’t make the story go too fast?
Every story is written in the same general way. The exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and finally the resolution. Writing a short story is no different than that, it’s just condensed.
So, how do you go about trying to condense it all?
1. Find the problem 2. Access the problem 3. Figure it out 4. Conclusion
Start with the problem
Throw your characters into the action right away. Have them start at the crime scene already and throw in a little background if need be. It adds tension to the story right away and cuts out a little time. Sometimes you don’t need to show how your characters came across the problem. They can explain it throughout the story if they have to, but that information doesn’t always need to be known.
Access the problem
This can go hand in hand with the first and third points I listed above. Accessing the problem can be done during the discovery of the problem and also during the investigation. Things have a way of falling into place.
Figure it out
This is obviously easier said than done and, in a short story, this may be your longest part.
Drop the clues carefully and allow your protagonist – or whoever is investigating – to deduce with logic in an attempt to figure things out in a timely manner for the plot, but faster for the word count of the story.
This would be the big reveal. The investigator explains the problem, how it came to be, and why. Someone is arrested or accused.
See? Easy-peasy. I mean, not really… but then again, I can’t exactly go about telling you how to write your own short story. Still, this is a good start.
How do you go about writing a mystery short story? Let me know in the comments below. If you liked this post, please share it around.
In my opinion, flash fiction is considered a short story. It’s a full tale with fleshed out characters and resolved plot. It’s just super short.
Short stories aren’t easy to write. Neither are novels. Yet, people (myself included on some occasions) say that short stories are “easier” to write than novels because it’s shorter.
Flash fiction, then, must be a piece of cake.
What is flash fiction?
Flash fiction is exactly what it sounds like. It’s a piece of fiction that takes a flash to read.
No, really, it’s very short short story. The typical length of flash fiction stories can be anywhere between 300 words and 1,500 words.
Of course, some people write six-word stories, 100-word drabbles, and so on. As long as it’s pretty short, it’s considered flash fiction.
How do you write flash fiction?
As concise as possible. Write only what matters to the story. Don’t add any filler content, just keep advancing that plot and developing those characters.
Use unique and vivid language to get your point across. Be sure to have a clear ending in mind and figure out how you’re going to get there in 1,000 words or 700 words or 300 words.
Where should you start writing flash fiction?
Explore the flash fiction world first. Read flash fiction stories or even poetry to get a feel for a language. Of course, you’re ultimately writing in your own voice and style, but reading examples doesn’t hurt.
Then, pick up your pen and just write. If you aim for 500 words, just write and see how many you end up with. Then you cut it down just like you would edit your novel.
Writing prompts help come up with ideas and a timer can do wonders if you want to start and finish something as quickly as possible. Can you write 500 words in 10 minutes? Set a timer. If you write more or less, you can add and cut out words after.
Why write flash fiction?
Writing flash fiction can really reel in your writing skills. It tones your writing and teaches you to cut out the filler stuff. Keep what’s only important to the plot and character development.
That, and it’s a fun challenge.
Do you typically write flash fiction? Do you read it often? Let me know in the comments below and we’ll chat!
Just like beginning a short story, the ending should have some sort of purpose as well. It doesn’t do well to just say, “The End.”
No, the ending should do much more than that. It should…
Close all the doors, wrapping everything up neatly
Make the story as a whole make sense
How do you do that?
There are so many different ways you can end your short story, but we’ll just talk about a few.
THE TWIST OR SURPRISE
When it comes to short stories, sometimes you need a little kick in your ending to make it that much more interesting because it’s so short. If there’s room, allow for a surprise or some sort of twist. Let it click inside your readers’ heads and have them say, “Ohh! I get it now!”
Of course, you can’t just throw in any random twist. It needs to be something the readers could have seen coming if they read between the lines.
I read a short story in middle school once in my reading class (unfortunately, I can’t remember the name or the author) and it was a man doing some sort of social experiment. He was locked in a room and had to figure out how to get out even though there was absolutely nothing in the room. I think it was to test his logical thinking or whatever.
Anyway, being 11-years-old, I thought it was extremely boring. But I remember the ending.
After being locked in for so many hours, they finally let the man out. He had tried absolutely anything and everything to get out and couldn’t figure it out. The narrator does a quick summary of what the man did and what the results were for the scientists. Then, I remember the last line clear as day, everything was explained: “For the door was never locked.”
Talk about an interesting surprise. I can’t remember anything about the story, just the basic gist of it and that last line. That’s how you do a surprise ending.
This is a must for all endings. Unless there is going to be some sort of sequel for your short story, you can leave it off at a slight cliffhanger (but be sure to resolve some things).
However, every question must be answered. Everyone conflict must have a resolution. The plot should be explained in one way or another throughout the story, or at least make it fairly simple for the readers to figure out.
This is, again, a must. And I don’t really have any tips on how to do so because it’s up to you, your writing style, and your plot.
SHORT AND SIMPLE
Sometimes a simple “The End” is all that’s needed. I know I said otherwise at the beginning, but depending on what your story is about and how it’s written, something short and simple may not be a bad idea.
As long as the conflict is resolved and there are no loose ends, you can get away with backing out of your story slowly, but surely.
Wrap up the conflict, but still allow your readers to wonder what could happen next. This is something I often do with my Short Story Sundays here on the blog only because (ironically enough) I don’t know how to properly end them.
I get many comments asking the next part will be posted and I always say the same thing, “This was it. Use your imagination on what could happen next. Feel free to write it yourself.”
I don’t know how often this is done, but I don’t think it’s a bad idea to do once in a while. If you can write your characters so well that your readers fall in love with them, then you can sometimes get away with leaving an ending open like this. Your readers will want the story to continue in a way so they’ll imagine what your characters do next.
Again, just make sure that you wrap up the actual plot and conflict. Don’t leave that open-ended.
And so, the blogger who worked all day and all night to create awesome content finally came to an end about her short story series.
That’s about it because she couldn’t figure out how to end her post about endings. She was really good at this.
She kicked back with a satisfied grin and then realized one more thing: she still had one more post to write about for her short story series.
(Guys, did you see what I did there? I added an outro instead of an intro. You know, because we’re talking about “endings.” Pretty clever, right?)
How do you typically go about ending your short stories? Let me know in the comments below and we’ll chat!
Once upon a time, there was a blogger who worked day and night to create awesome content for her loyal readers. Each month, she tried to think of a cool new topic to discuss and stumbled upon short stories.
In addition to her many posts about short stories, she thought to talk about how to begin them. Any writer knows that the beginning of a story is so important.
She also knew that the beginning of a blog post was super important as well. Yet, she had no idea how to introduce this “how to begin your short stories” post.
She laughed at the irony.
There are so many different kinds of ways to start a story. However, while every story is different, some beginnings can be a bit cliche or even just seem old.
For example; a character waking up, the narrator or character describing the scenery, or opening with some sort of dialogue sequence that’s either a question or two characters having an argument or simply having a normal conversation.
Each one has been used once, twice, a thousand times over. Yet, each is still unique because they’re different characters, different plots and conflicts, and different writing styles.
What kind of beginning do you need?
The first couple of paragraphs are important, but the first line is really what’s going to hook your readers in. You need something that:
Leaves a lasting effect – Make them feel something in that very first line that causes them to continue reading that paragraph and onto the next.
Make them curious – Throw your character into the conflict right away or ask a question. Let your reader wonder where you’re going with this and why.
Allow the readers to get to know your characters – Start with dialogue, a conversation, an argument. Explore your characters all the while describing a bit of the plot as well.
How can you accomplish these things?
There are probably way too many different openings than we can count. But here are a few anyway.
SET THE SCENE
This can be a hit or miss. Describing a scene can sometimes be boring, especially if you’re trying to draw in an audience. However, it can be worked around in various ways that can work for your book.
For example, maybe your protagonist is going on some sort of journey. Let them soak in the place they grew up as they stand outside holding onto their suitcase. It’s nostalgic to them, maybe it’s even a little sad. Or maybe they’re happy to get out.
Or, on the other hand, have them arrive at their new place and describe that area. What are their first thoughts upon arriving? Have your readers wonder why they’re even there.
I did this in one of my short stories. The protagonist immediately enters a building where the receptionist greets her and lets her know that the doctor will be with her shortly. Why is she at the doctor? Is something wrong with her? Is this her first appointment or a follow-up for something? You keep reading because you want to know “why.”
THE NARRATOR SPEAKS
Some stories have third-person narrators that speak to the reader. It’s almost as though the narrator and the reader are sitting in a coffee shop having a deep conversation with one another. Sometimes this is interesting as it invites the reader to cozy up on the couch and be told a bedtime story.
It can be equally interesting if a first-person narrator talks directly to the reader as well. You can really get into the heart of the story through the character who actually “lived” through the story.
START IN A KNEE-DEEP CONVERSATION
As I stated earlier, feel free to start in the middle of a conversation. A lot of questions will arise, but not only are you going to rope the reader in, but you’ll also develop your characters somewhat. Are they having a normal conversation with one another? Are they talking about work or school? Are they arguing? What are they arguing about? Is it something that has to do with the plot?
For a short story, this is my favorite beginning. Short stories are, of course, short, so it’s sometimes better to establish the conflict right from the get-go. Your readers will wonder, “how did they get themselves into this mess? How are they going to get out of it? What exactly is going on?” If it’s interesting enough to them, they’ll want to see the characters get out of their mess.
I have done this for another short story I wrote. My protagonist was looking over a case file, a case that she has been working on for a very long time that, within the first couple of paragraphs, she and her husband begin arguing about how it’s consuming her life. Why is this case so important to her? How long has she actually been working on it? What exactly is the case? How will it get resolved?
In a way, this one kind of goes along with establishing conflict. I’ve seen this done a few times, but I’m mentioning it because I’ve done it myself and I think it worked nicely.
In another short story, I began it in the “future.” They were already thrown into danger, into the heart of the story. At a type of “cliffhanger,” I used a page-break and back-tracked to a few hours earlier, thus officially beginning the story.
I know sometimes time can be tricky and some people aren’t a fan of it, but I do think it can work well in certain situations.
Beginning a short story can be easy or hard. But I think it all depends on your writing style and the overall plot. It all depends on what information you want to give to your readers and when.
How do you typically begin your short stories? Let me know in the comments below and we’ll chat!